What Are Stimulants?Stimulants or uppers are psychoactive drugs that can improve physical and mental functions for a short period. Better concentration, more energy, and increased alertness are a few examples. These substances come in many forms and are attainable in different ways, but all of them can lead to addiction. For some people, the most surprising stimulants are over-the-counter drugs. They don't require a prescription, so they're available for purchase in most drug stores or pharmacies. The reason why is because the potential for abuse and addiction is lower than for other stimulants. Diet pills, for instance, can be over-the-counter uppers and are generally safe, but some people abuse them. Prescription stimulants are only available with a doctor's permission because they have a greater risk of abuse and addiction. Adderall and Ritalin, for instance, treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Some antidepressants are stimulants that treat depression. Anabolic steroids are similar to testosterone and can treat anemia or low testosterone. It's illegal to buy or sell these drugs without a prescription. However, students might buy them from friends to improve focus while studying for tests. Athletes and bodybuilders may use them to build muscle. Despite that, the highest risk of abuse and stimulant addiction lies with illegal substances such as cocaine and methamphetamine. Whether in crystal or powder form, these drugs are highly dangerous and addictive. In fact, some people have adverse effects after just one use.
The Signs of Stimulant AddictionPeople who abuse stimulants show signs that they have a problem. Some of the most obvious are dilated pupils, heightened alertness and increased activity. They often don't sleep or eat as much as usual and may develop cognitive impairments. Paranoia and psychosis are possible symptoms as well. Some stimulant abuse signs that others might not notice are elevated blood pressure, heart rate, respiration rate, and body temperature. Neurological impairments and suicidal thoughts or tendencies could develop too. These symptoms can also be present when stimulant addiction develops. New signs that can manifest include a hesitation or inability to quit using stimulants, tolerance and withdrawal symptoms. Anxiety, cravings, agitation, insomnia, and mental and physical exhaustion are some withdrawal effects.
The Effects of Addiction on the Brain and BodyAll stimulants cause changes in the brain and body because they boost the effects of norepinephrine and dopamine. These are key neurotransmitters that send signals between brain cells and the rest of the body. The short-term effects include improved concentration and wakefulness that can last for hours. While these effects can be helpful in treating health conditions, the effects of stimulant addiction are dangerous. In the short-term, addiction can cause brain damage, cerebral hemorrhaging, convulsions, seizures, heart and respiratory failure, coma and death. Over the long term, it can cause dermatitis, dental and general hygiene problems, and organ toxicity.
Treating Addiction to Stimulants at Spring Gardens RecoveryThe only way to overcome stimulant abuse or addiction is to get comprehensive treatment. Spring Gardens Recovery can offer a comprehensive treatment plan that addresses your specific needs. From detox to rehab, our services include:
- Addiction education
- Sauna therapy
- Art therapy
- Amino acid and pediment IV infusions
- Residential and outpatient programs
- Executive rehab program